A little fact about New Zealand

Culture

The culture of New Zealand is inherited from Britain and Europe. The first people on New Zealand were the Māori. Later the colonials came, and now New Zealand is a multicultral country. The New Zealand human habitation as Māori predominated most of the time. In 1280 Polynesian reached to the Islands of New Zealand. Polynesia is a subregion of Oceania. Over the centuries of Polynesian expansion have the Māori culture have devoloped after its Polynesian roots. Māori seperated and established new tribes. They built villiages, hunted and fished, traded with eachother, developed argiculture, weaponry and arts. The contact with Europe began in 1800. In ca. 1855 British immigration began. The colonists brought with them advanced technology, the englidh language and christianity. In these days people from East Asia, South Asia and Pacific Ocean immigrates to New Zealand.

New Zealand have two national days, Waitangi day and ANZAC Day. Close or during the anneversaries the New Zealanders celebrate holidays. The country have two national anthems too, “Good Save The Queen” and “Good Defend New Zealand”. The citizens likes to call themselves New Zealanders or Kiwis.

Literature

In 1830 New Zealand´s first book was published. Today, the country´s wealth of non-fiction publishing ranges from artistic and commercial treatments of traditional culture and contemporary arts, through history, popular science and narrative non-fiction, to lavish lifestyle books that celebrate New Zealand´s unique culture.

New Zealand literature may be written by New Zealand-born writers, migrants or emigrants.

New Zealand writers have regularly captured international attention and readers, from 19th century short story writer Katherine Mansfield (1888-1923) to the lyrical Janet Frame (mid-20th century) and Lloyd Jones (1955). Other prominent writhers in New Zealand are among others, Patricia Grace (1937), Albert Wendt (1939), Maurice Gee (1931) and
children´s author Margaret Mahy (1936-2012).

Certain themes and ideas that pervade New Zealand literature are the perception of masculinity which has been influenced by works like John Mulgan’s Man alone and evocations of thegood keen man. A sense of magic and wonder is often at play in New Zealand literature, with novelists like Margaret Mahy and Elizabeth Knox experimenting with fantasy and altered realities.

Issues

In March 2015 New Zealanders voted and it showed that Economic issues 40% are still clearly the most important problems facing New Zealand. In New Zealand there is also a huge difference between rich and poor. Without doubt, New Zealand`s biggest problem today. A lot of New Zealanders actually says that the government/politicians/leadership are also a issue for the nation. Even though New Zealand`s economics is falling, they still have a good economics. They still have better than their neighbor Australia. Because of its relatively small population (4 million), New Zealand’s natural resources have until now suffered less from the pressures of development than many other industrialized nations. But the major use of fossil fuel is a huge problem. The air pollution is huge in New Zealand, and because of that the country is the world leader in skin cancer. Water pollution is also a issue due to industrial pollutants and sewage. The nation has 327 cu km of nice renewable water resources, of which 55% is used for farming activities and 13% for industrial reasons. The country’s cities produce an average of 2.3 million tons of solid water waste per year.

Regions

New Zealand is an island located on the southern hemisphere, southwest in the pacific ocean, 1500 east of Australia. It has no direct neighbors, as its an island, but the closest islands /lands are Australia across the Tasman Sea, Antarctica across the Southern Sea and Africa a long way across the Pacific Ocean in the east. New Zealand measures 270,000km2, where 1,6% of that is water. There are an estimated 4,6 million people living in New Zealand.

New Zealand consists of 16 regions, where the biggest one in terms of population is called Auckland. The regions are separated across two islands, the northern island and the southern island where the northern island has a majority of those, consisting of 9 regions. In New Zealand it was in 1989 decided that New Zealand was to be separated into those 16 regions, because it would make it easier for police, the fire department, planning for land use and basically everything that has to do with controlling the different parts of the country, which made it way easier when they separated it into different regions spread across 16 places on the two islands instead of everything being ruled by one central place.

The different regions are, in the northern island from most populated to least populated are Auckland, Wellington, Waikato, Bay of Plenty, Manawatu-Wanganui, Northland, Hawke’s Bay, Taranaki and Gisborne and on the southern island from most populated to least populated Canterbury, Otago, Southland, Nelson, Tasman, Marlborough and West Coast.

Government

Until 1853 New Zealand was part of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, then they finally granted self-government following the New Zealand Constitution Act in 1852

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